CEPOL Counters Cybercrime

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10 November 2011

“High Tech and Cybercrime” is the title of a CEPOL course hosted by the Slovenian Police Academy in Kranj, Slovenia on 18-21 October 2011. The activity led by Toni Kastelic, course manager, and Egidij Glavi?, course administrator, attracted 17 participants from 14 Member States. The proceedings benefited from the support of Italy and France as well as from contributions provided by Greece and Eurojust. Lessons and presentations were given by 13 experts from four Member States and Eurojust.

The Seminar’s objectives were the following:

  • To update and enrich knowledge concerning new threats and techniques used in committing crimes through the internet and other communication networks;
  • To increase knowledge about the involvement of EU Agencies in the fight against High Tech and Cybercrime;
  • To exchange investigative techniques and best practices concerning the fight against High Tech and Cybercrime;
  • To support/strengthen international cooperation among relevant officers combating Cybercrime and to establish professional contacts on this field.

During the opening ceremony, Dr. Jurij Ferme, Director of the Criminal Police Directorate of the Slovenian Police stressed that:

  • We are all aware that due to the rapid progress in information technology it is becoming increasingly difficult for the legislative framework to keep up. A timely response and, at the same time, a sufficient legal response are becoming more and more difficult to achieve;
  • First, we have to provide for quicker and more efficient international cooperation between police forces and all other law enforcement agencies, including prosecutors and courts. The existing system involving written requests for international legal assistance has proven to be too slow in most cases (especially when looking at the rapid and flexible operation of criminal actors in cyberspace). This results in a less efficient investigation of those criminal acts;
  • A significant challenge for law enforcement agencies is how to ensure human and financial resources. The fight against cybercrime requires high inputs whilst few countries if any can be self-sufficient. Therefore, solutions have to be found in the possible common use of special skills, expertise and technologies. The combining of all required resources is necessary within the state – at inter-forces level as well as in cooperation with the non-governmental sector – and also at international level;
  • The Convention on Cybercrime signed in Budapest 10 years ago responded and offered many solutions to the rapidly evolving security threat characterised for its utter disregard for borders. However, such a legal framework can function only when all Member States of the Council of Europe accept it as their own, and allow it to become a framework of reference for all. Slovenia is aware of its responsibility as a state having ratified the document. We continue our work together with the Council of Europe; we are also taking part in its project aimed at improving the fight against cybercrime in Southeast Europe;
  • The cyber threat also features very highly on the EU agenda, where we are trying to upgrade legal frameworks for cooperation. We believe that the current Proposal for a Directive on Attacks against Information Systems as well as the Proposal for a Directive on Combating the Sexual Abuse, Sexual exploitation of Children and Child Pornography are two big steps in the right direction.

The following topics and content were covered during the seminar:

  • Mr. Tadej Hren, Slovenian National Computer Emergency Response Team (SI-CERT) presented Botnet threats;
  • Dr. Iosif Androulidakis, University of Ioannina, Greece, spoke about Cybercrime in mobile phone systems and Cybercrime in fixed telephone systems in his two presentations;
  • Mrs. Elena Dinu, Eurojust, spoke about the approach Eurojust is using in the field of High Tech and Cyberime;
  • Prof Dr. Jože Gri?ar, University of Maribor’s Faculty for organisational sciences, explained the issue regarding Cybercrime in the Danube region and proposed establishing Living Labarotories in this field;
  • Mr. Antonio d’Onofrio, Italy, presented the topic Botnet threats - typical frauds used in a Botnet;
  • Mr. Francis Hubert, French Gendarmerie, highlighted French examples on fighting online child abuse. The same topic from a Slovenian perspective –Operation Erica – was presented by Slovenian expert Peter Košnik;
  • Mrs. Tanja Ažderska, Jožef Stefan Institute, presented the topic of Trust and Reputation models as tools in the prevention of Cybercrime;
  • Prof. Dr. Igor Bernik, University of Maribor’s faculty of Criminal Justice presented “Cybercrime: Awareness and Fear - Slovenian perspectives”;
  • Slovenian experts Borut Zalokar, Tomaž Jakše and Borut Štok presented successful example of excellent law enforcement cooperation between Slovene Police, the Spanish Guardia Civil and the USA’s FBI during the Mariposa/Buterfly case;
  • Slovenian expert Primož Kragelj spoke about Cyber security in the cloud and about Google applications.

A study visit to the Computer Investigation Centre of Regional Police Directorate in Ljubljana was organised on the first day of the Seminar where the methods used in investigations were presented as well as the equipment used.

On the seminar’s final day an evaluation session was held and certificates were presented to all participants by Mr. Anton Vozelj, Director of Slovenian Police Academy.

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